Though public transport is usually said to be inexpensive, meagre earnings compel many low-income households to reside near the workplace, causing increased constraint in certain pockets. Though both higher growth and improved health are expected to reduce poverty, the effect of economic growth on poverty appears to be statistically insignificant. Based on a primary survey carried out among slum-dwellers in Delhi, this study examines the links between duration of migration, distance of migration, occupation and the incidence of poverty. This finding is of particular importance in the Indian context of infrastructure bottlenecks. In this article, we examine two critical aspects of the Indian corporate governance system, that is, influence of group affiliation and diversification on firm performance and impact of block holders on firm value. In terms of literacy, occupation, income and food expenditure per consumer unit evidence that is drawn from slum households in Delhi, provides only a partial support to the view that along the lines of caste economic inequality is manifested.
On the whole, when both the caste and migration dimensions are combined, at the lower echelons, migration does pay if the worker is better off in terms of caste status. This paper based on a primary survey of slum dwellers in four Indian cities examines the caste dimension of migrants and the nexus, if any, between caste and the job market participation. The infrastructure variables also do not show a positive effect on the informal sector, while the formal sector efficiency improves with a rise in the availability of infrastructure. The labour market outcomes are brought out with great details suggesting that rapid economic growth in India could not result in productive employment generation on a large scale. What helps workers from low-income households to access urban job market information and whether migrants are able to experience upward mobility at the place of destination are the two pertinent issues in urban development which this paper tries to examine.
Le role des infrastructures Nous presentons des estimations en donnees de panel de l'effet productif des infrastructures physiques, economiques et sociales dans le cas des branches manufacturieres des Etats de l'Inde. Given the narrow margin of error of forecast the paper argues that in the absence of time series information on total employment, the time series on organized sector employment can be used for necessary predictions and planning required for employment and poverty. Economic growth enhances health measured in terms of life expectancy, which in turn contributes to economic growth positively. Les differences regionales de niveau d'infrastructures sont a l'origine d'ecarts regionaux a la fois de productivite globale des facteurs et d'efficacite technique dans la quasi totalite des branches manufacturieres. This paper makes an attempt to estimate the index of informal sector employment that can be attributed to the supply-push phenomenon.
The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 50 2 , 245— 256. Investment in basic amenities and improvement in education and health facility are the two important policy considerations, which follow from the analysis. Organised Wellbeing: Proven and Practical Lessons from Safety Excellence seeks to present, in a user-friendly way, all of the key wellbeing themes. It offers an inter-country comparison of corruption, indicating the role of governance in the context of growth. To tackle these problems effectively, it is important for policy-makers to recognize that certain groups are more susceptible to ill health than others; they are vulnerable to the severe impact of illnesses and also the likely sources of infection for the population at large. This article analyses the Indian city of Delhi using the contrasting concepts of resilience and agglomeration economies.
Copyright Overseas Development Institute, 2004. Instead we find that standalone firms outperform the group affiliated firms when we control for firm-specific characteristics. At the same time, several of them do not have access to public transport: they either walk or use cycles to commute to their destination on a daily basis. We map the qualitative and empirical evidence and report that the effect of technology adoption on employment is skill biased and more likely to be observed when technology adoption favors product innovation as opposed to process innovation. Access to basic amenities: The role of political contact, its determinants and adverse effects. On the one hand the industry does not seem to have played a major role in the context of employment generation as imported technology is by and large capital intensive in nature. Practical and coordinated processes, not initiatives, are required.
This paper in an attempt to examine if the manufacturing sector is still the engine of growth delineates the inter-connections among several activities based on time series data on employment in different components of the organized sector in India. Issues relating to urbanisation and rural-urban migration are also covered to understand the dynamics of urban poverty and to bring out the challenges of population transfer given the spatial concentration of growth. The reservation policy based on caste is, therefore, unlikely to address adequately the issues relating to low productivity employment and poverty. Arup does research in Development Economics, Labour Issues. The informal sector units are not able to benefit in the process of rapid overall growth, suggesting that growth is not inclusive. Using principal components analysis, we construct a composite indicator for the availability of infrastructure at the State's level on the basis of 12 individual indicators. Among the major block holders, domestic financial institutions are found to be playing an insignificant role in comparison to the domestic and foreign institutional investors.
What changes are occurring at the macro and the sectoral levels, how the labour market changes are taking place and what impact is felt on the low income households are some of the questions that the present volume focuses on. There is an urgent need for research on the factors that prevent the urban poor from availing the services provided to them. After pursuing a vector error correction model, the impulse response function and variance decomposition exercises are carried out to assess the sensitivity of employment in relation to growth shocks and vice versa. The E-mail message field is required. Adoption of labor intensive technology in the organized or formal industrial sector is indeed crucial for pro-poor growth. For contract workers, the decline in jobs is even sharper in downturns than in upturns.
This 2007 book challenges these conventional approaches and contributes to a new paradigm for development centred on human wellbeing. Access to improved water, education and better health facility at the time of birth show positive effect on life expectancy, which in turn reduces the consumption poverty. On the other hand, the services-led growth is seen to have reduced the pace of poverty reduction. As well as green spaces, the study looks at those every day spaces not usually highlighted in research or policy. During upturns, existing workers and skilled employees are used more intensively, and more jobs are created for skilled employees. Our estimations make it possible, moreover, to measure the productive impact of the various types of infrastructure, as well as to identify the manufacturing industries where productivity gains are relatively more constrained by inadequate infrastructure.
The wage-productivity relationship is analysed at the two digit groups of the manufacturing sector based on panel data and the informal sector-industry relationship is assessed from the cross-sectional data. It examines a range of international contexts, including secular and religious educational settings, and provides an avenue for visionary voices that identify problems and offer solutions to help shape a more promising education system that will prepare children more constructively and beneficially to flourish in their future worlds. This finding is of particular importance in the Indian context characterized by infrastructure bottlenecks and strongly supports the view that a lack of infrastructure can hamper growth in developing countries. With experience, it is found that migrants are more likely to move from low income and casual jobs to high income and regular jobs, and thus undergo an increase in their standards of living. However, public infrastructure is considered to be one of the biggest obstacles for the growth of manufacturing in the country.
The book explores, for India and other developing countries, the potential role the organized manufacturing sector could play as an engine of growth. This paper makes an attempt to estimate the index of informal sector employment which can be attributed to the supply-push phenomenon. Given the services-led growth the possible impact of trade in services on employment both in the formal and informal sectors have been worked out, indicating limited positive spill-over effects. What problems are associated with such mechanisms in experiencing improvements in wellbeing levels are covered in the present volume. This study will be of interest to policy makers, practitioners and academics in public space, regeneration, community cohesion and community involvement, as well as those with an interest in well-being.