Written with style and wit, Our Biometric Future will resonate with readers in cultural studies, new media, science and technology studies, and anyone interested in surveillance, privacy and security in contemporary life. While globalization has helped to expand diversity in African American television, particularly in regard to genre, it has also resulted in restrictions, such as in the limited portrayal of African American women in favor of attracting young male demographics across racial and national boundaries. This is an important book as we see this technology slipping into so many levels of society, taken for granted. Drawing from work in critical sociology and cultural studies, the collection theorizes management as a pervasive, yet flexible set of principlesdrawn upon by a wide range of practitioners—artists, talent scouts, performers, directors, show runners, and more—in their ongoing efforts to articulate relationships and bridge potentially discordant forces within the media industries. This means advertising hoardings that change their ads depending on who — a teenage girl or a middle-aged man — stands in front of them; vending machines that tell you what fizzy drink to buy based on what people who look like you are buying; web services that match the faces of abandoned dogs to those of humans looking for canine companions; car prototypes that fasten your seatbelt and start beeping at you when they suspect you might be drunk or are about to doze off. As a whole, Our Biometric Futureoffers readers a thorough examination of the polyvalent and multifaceted discourses that have determined, and continue to determine the evolution of surveillance.
Then it has to find facial landmarks — nose, mouth, eyes etc there are more than a hundred significant features. He made the most of his impressive credentials: a child prodigy, he was known to have written a 600-page physics textbook at the age of 16 and earned a PhD from Stanford at 21. These bits of data — along with your age, gender, sexual orientation and a heap of other facts — may help it build the ultimate facial recognition system or, at least, the ultimate face search engine. Is the current regulation satisfactory? The archetypal figure of scientist turned entrepreneur here is Joseph Atick. The need to identify local populations which the occupying armies had little understanding of led to the deployment of portable systems that work with multiple biometrics — such as fingerprint, face and iris — and so are more resistant to fraud. Engaging with primary evidence gathered through interviews, archives, and trade materials, the essays offer tremendous insight into how management is understood and performed within media industry contexts. It's disturbingly easy to activate baby cam monitors to spy on families, pacemakers can be hacked to deliver a lethal jolt, and thieves are analyzing your social media in order to determine the best time for a home invasion.
By focusing on the politics of developing and deploying these technologies, Our Biometric Future argues not for the inevitability of a particular technological future, but for its profound contingency and contestability. The contributors interrogate managerial labor and identity, shine a light on how management understands its roles within cultural and creative contexts, and reconfigure the complex relationship between labor and managerial authority as productive rather than solely prohibitive. Examining optimal application in various settings and their respective strengths and weaknesses, it considers ease of use, false positives and negatives, and privacy and security issues. At this point, it may be safest to have a human operator decide whether the face in the new photo actually matches any of the possible candidates in the database. Abstract: Since the 1960s, a significant effort has been underway to program computers to see the human face and to develop automated systems for identifying faces and distinguishing them from one another - commonly known as Facial Recognition Technology.
Future Crimes is a call to action for better security measures worldwide, but most importantly, will empower readers to protect themselves against these looming technological threats - before it's too late. These hybrid systems do much better than either technology when used by itself. Reading like a sci-fi thriller, but based in startling fact, Goodman raises tough questions about the expanding role of technology in our lives. Finally, the computer has to produce a numerical representation of the face and compare it with the equivalent representation of the picture associated with the John Smith in the database. Not much came of it: there were no reports of any arrests made thanks to the database. Based on interviews with television executives and programmers from around the world, as well as producers in the United States, Havens traces the shift from an era when national television networks often blocked African American television from traveling abroad to the transnational, post-network era of today. It also presents the results of recent research on how the principles of cryptography can make biometrics more secure.
China and Iran — where excessive surveillance goes hand in hand with excessive documentation requirements and weak or non-existent privacy laws — are a different story. And, more generally, what is the most appropriate way to deal with the legal implications of biometrics? Criminals are often the earliest, and most innovative, adopters of technology and modern times have led to modern crimes. However, such portrayals belie the reality of how media management operates as a culture of shifting discourses, dispositions, and tactics that create meaning, generate value, and shape media work throughout each moment of production and consumption. Her main emphasis has been the politics and social implications of computerization, and particularly the automation of surveillance, in the United States from the mid-twentieth century to the present. Until recently Google ran an online game called Image Labeller, in which people competed to find words to describe a picture and got points if their descriptions matched. As the whole project of artificial intelligence was increasingly put in question — by computer scientists among others — a less ambitious goal was settled on. The crime rate in the area had dropped but not because criminals genuinely had anything to fear.
Across these contexts, Gates shows how facial recognition's political effects have developed in spite of the fact that the technology does not actually work very well. Series Title: Responsibility: Kelly A. A high false positive rate means too many innocent suspects having to explain themselves; a high false negative rate means too many actual rioters would be let off the hook. Our Biometric Future: Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance. Is the current regulation satisfactory? Woodrow Wilson Bledsoe, a pioneer of artificial intelligence, conducted one of the first experiments with computer-based facial recognition in 1964 he had already done some significant work on text recognition. Given enough computational resources, they can be trained to calculate what a particular segment might look like under certain abnormal conditions — e.
For all the innovations, there have been few successful real-world deployments of facial recognition. Offering an analysis, and recommendations, with a view to securing adequate human rights and personal data protection, Bio-Privacy: Privacy Regulations and the Challenge of Biometrics will be an important reference point for those with interests in the tension between freedom and security. The New Media of Surveillance. Focusing particularly on the relationship between the use of this technology and the protection of privacy, this book draws on material across a range of jurisdictions in order to explore several key questions. And, more generally, what is the most appropriate way to deal with the legal implications of biometrics? The computer was then given a list of distances for a new image of one of the subjects and prompted to find a match. It is especially important to recognize this, because the face has been a special object of attention in the organization of visual practices and the development of visual media technologies, and technologies designed for representing and analyzing the face have played a central role in defining and redefining what it means to be human. Fitted with a small camera that sees as far as 12 miles, the glasses can capture 400 images a second and compare them with a central computer database of 13 million faces — or so the police claim.
The book provides readers with a technical background on the various biometric technologies and how they work. How can a computer establish whether he is the same John Smith who exists in your database? It also includes a detailed description of typical biometric-based security systems and up-to-date coverage of how these issues are developed. Another technology was also on the rise: automated analysis of facial expressions. International Encyclopedia of Media Studies, Vol. By following the circulation of black cultural products and their institutionalized discourses—including industry lore, taste cultures, and the multiple stories of black experiences that have and have not made it onto the small screen—Havens complicates discussions of racial representation and exposes possibilities for more expansive representations of blackness while recognizing the limitations of the seemingly liberatory spaces created by globalization.
Unlike fingerprinting, it has no criminal connotations. By focusing on the politics of developing and deploying these technologies, Our Biometric Future argues not for the inevitability of a particular technological future, but for its profound contingency and contestability. Hand geometry, sometimes suggested as an alternative to fingerprinting, is unreliable, as hand measurements are not unique to individuals. New York University Press, 2011. Professor Gates is currently working on a new project that investigates the emerging professional field of video forensics and its attendant technologies in order to examine the ways in which new visual imaging and archiving technologies are being incorporated into, and transforming, modern investigatory and evidentiary practices.