This text addresses the difficulties of balancing the imperatives of sustainability with the pressing challenges facing some of the world's most underdeveloped areas. Thus, this research has made an attempt to assess a development project, which has already been implemented, by some selected indicators of sustainable development. The main objective of this paper was to evaluate the dynamic around land use and vegetation in the area of the intermunicipal pressure zone of Chihuahua, in the period of 2000-2010, from a sustainable urban development perspective. The growing literature on sustainability has strongly emphasised the inevitable importance of developing sustainable cities and communities to cure complex, multi-dimensional urban problems, including those in historic quarters of cities Agyeman, 2005; Barton, 2000; Lafferty, 2001; Pugh, 2001. The marked increase in high night-time lighting area is highly prevalent in most of China's cities with rapid urbanization over the past 21 years while significantly decreased low and medium-low night-time lighting areas are most likely to occur in large and extra-large cities. The management of change in rapidly growing cities in Asia is a big challenge for all concerned.
Valdes The Political Economy of Agricultural Pricing Policy, Vol 4, A Synthesis of the Economics of Developing Countries. Two, it stresses the inseparability of three dimensions of sustainable development — social, economic, and environmental. Finally, this chapter focuses on the concept of good governance seen as a prerequisite to realize the emerging paradigmatic approach of introducing comprehensive and participatory slum improvement policies. Eds 1995 Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference on Development Economics 1994. A range of perspectives is brought to bear on the issues from economics, political science, theories of health, the impact of the built environment, the appraisal of environmental assets through to the very conceptual foundations of sustainability.
Sustainable development is achieved through interactive social, economic, political and environmental processes and policies and considers patterns of development and their environmental, social and economic impacts Pugh 2000, 206. Parallel to the debate on urban regeneration, sustainability has been shown as a remedy to achieve economic vitality, social equity and ecological integrity in cities. Moreover, the necessity to adopt a multidisciplinary perspective has also become acknowledged. Purpose — This paper aims to provide a conceptual framework to analyse whether the global concept of sustainable city, generally produced as a goal in the cities of the global North, will be equally suitable in the cities of the global South or not. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Cities are the most dramatic manifestations of human activities on the surface of the earth. In contrast to the brilliant future promised to intermediate cities in the global free market, the real problems of the outside world that confront both authorities and inhabitants are completely obscured. In the first section, these methods as well as the applied research process are described in detail. Agriculture in Development Theory, pp. Governmental intervention strategies in the housing sector and approaches on providing adequate housing for the poor have a long history and besides national and local authorities also other stakeholders have increasingly shaped the international debate.
Therefore, in order to attain the water-related goals of the Esfahan green city approach it is necessary to adopt defensive strategies. In the context of Turkey, by focusing on Istanbul, this article aims to investigate the success of the regeneration initiatives in achieving sustainable communities in deprived historic housing neighbourhoods. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Dual formal and informal transport modes have been complementing one another in Bandung City for more than four decades now. To achieve a coherent theoretical-conceptual framework, smart growth needs to clarify its attitude towards the fundamental principles of economic liberalism as well as resolving the existing content conflicts in order to be effective in strategy making and implementing; otherwise, it will restrict the process of urban planning to a set of action plans instead of strategies. It also implies that a global perspective is necessary and that cross-boundary impacts should be considered. The paper discusses one such possible point of departure, that of the ecological paradigm, based on a different worldview of humanity and nature working together as one interconnected intelligence to create a net positive impact, not just reducing a negative impact, and put forward some thoughts on how a shift to an ecological view of the world influences thinking around sustainable building and construction.
With the process of urbanization, we make reference to the very rapid growth of urban settlements in developing countries with its spatial, material, social, ecological and economic impact the before mentioned urban sprawl Satterthwaite, 2001; Bolay, et al. Literature suggests that urban smart growth theory suffers from theoretical and structural conflicts and due to noncompliance with the fundamental principles of economic liberalism as a substructure for urban planning; it cannot be fulfilled in communities with such economic structure. The paper suggests that the sustainable city discourse does not include the main problems of the cities in the global South, even though, as a goal, it is efficient and effective in the developed countries of the global North. We consider that these criteria are overly static, and lack indicators of both the potential inherent in medium-sized cities, and the risks they are prone to. It acts as the supreme decision-making authority for approval of detailed plans and land-use change for the city. The text is intended as a guidebook for those responsible for re-shaping cities in the 21st century. New Haven: Yale University Press.
People with their behavioral patterns have the most significant role in achieving sustainability. The medium-sized Indonesian city Surakarta Solo is internationally recognized for its policies of managing the informal sector. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Camara Colombiana de la Construccion , Barranquilla. Since the first international conference on Human Settlements in 1976, Habitat I, governments have begun to understand the need for sustainable human settlements in the face of rapid urbanisation. Wheatley Eds Management of Success: The Moulding of Modern Singapore, pp.
A high economic dependency of the government on gambling revenue and an ease of restriction in casino development has led to a rapid construction of mega-casino-resorts in recent years. After investigating the Turkish urban conservation policy agenda, and the recent changes in the urban and socio-spatial structure of Istanbul, it examines the European Union-funded regeneration initiative of Fener and Balat, a declining neighbourhood in the Historic Peninsula. Present study reviews the theoretical evolution of urban smart growth in the light of content and implementation. The results of some modern research shed light on the outstanding issues from past controversies; in the context of developing countries, the World Bank and other leading policy-makers have been advocating a closer relationship between macroeconomic and urban policy development; and economic policies for structural adjustment have been indirectly removing some of the structures which supported the political economy of urban bias. Economic deregulation and political decentralisation have eroded the importance of the central state and of the national territory it is meant to administer. At the country scale, our findings suggest that significant rises are commonly found in these five types of night-time lighting areas with different growth rates across 271 China's cities from 1992 to 2012.