Pineapple fibre, thread and cloth and an evening bag and a shirt made from it are held in Kew's Economic Botany Collection. Effects were strongly plant species-dependent. However, no variations in pH and acidity during fermentation and very low levels of acetic acid in any pineapple wine sample stressed the aptitude to human consumption of pineapple wines obtained from pineapple waste under this study. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to a further conceptualisation of co-innovation and show its usefulness for analysing innovation initiatives in agrifood chains. Next, an in-depth questionnaire was carried out with 100 producers in the Atlantic department.
Many people react to fresh pineapple with an outbreak of a skin rash or hives. An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431. It was widely used by Native Americans for food, alcoholic beverages and medicinal purposes. Cultivation Pineapple is propagated vegetatively by rooting the coma crown of bracts at the top of the fruit or from side shoots produced at the base of the growth. Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón Equatorial Guinea Phytotaxa 171: 1-78. Volume 1 A to C. Stem: Circular in cross-section, up to 50 cm long and 8 cm wide, club-shaped.
Finally, the results revealed that the ratios of crown length: fruit length, crown length: infructescence length and crown length: median diameter were significantly associated with fruit quality, which has not yet been reported. Antimicrobial property and the nutritive value of the Biovinegar were assessed and compared with vinegar which is commonly used. The first step of planting is land preparation. Flowers: Borne on an inflorescence flowering structure 20-30 cm long, held on a scape stalk up to 50 cm long and subtended by bracts. However, it is known that different types of extractants, providing different responses, can extract a variety of bioactive compounds. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid. The treatments T2B T2 + burying and T4B T4 + burying gave a higher proportion of fruits meeting European standards and were also promising for producing highly acceptable fruits by local consumers.
The content of falcarinol increased and that of falcarindiol and falcarindiol-3-acetate decreased during steam blanching of the carrots before freezing. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid. The study was carried out to elicit the acceptability and shelf life of Biovinegar. Fruit attributes measured at harvest were fruit infructescence + crown weight and length, and total soluble solids. There are nine accepted species of Ananas. Two experiments with the cultivar locally known as Sugarloaf, but possibly equal to PérolaPérola, were conducted in commercial pineapple fields in the Atlantic department characterised by a subequatorial climate in south Benin West Africa between October 2010 and August 2012 Table 1.
Bromaliaceae do município de Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo: lista de espécies, distribuição, Conservação e comentérios taxonômicos Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão 27: 21-53. The family also includes 'air plants' epiphytes such as Spanish moss Tillandsia usneoides and blushing bride Tillandsia ionantha. Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Other uses Bromelain an enzyme that breaks down protein extracted from pineapple has been used as a meat-tenderiser. In this paper the sources of the heterogeneity in pineapple in the field were studied in four experiments in commercial pineapple fields. The production of biofuels including ethanol and hydrogen from agricultural waste is being concern as a renewable energy. Pruning of slips, however, did not increase fruit and infructescence weight and length, nor the total soluble solids, in any of the treatments.
One aspect of this plasticity is stem branching. Slips are side shoots that develop just below the pineapple fruit during fruit development. Tackling all these constraints would help producers improve the quality of produced pineapple in Benin. The results showed that pineapple was susceptible to weed competition that as weeding intensities increased, vegetative growth, fruit weight and yield increased significantly. The type of planting material in Experiment 2 did not significantly affect fruit quality except crown length: fruits from hapas had shorter crowns than those from ground suckers. Besides, storage time seems to interfere in the stability of these substances. Our objective was to use a crop model to improve pineapple management practices according to the diversity of conditions on Reunion Island.
And these compounds stability during storage of 180 days. About 30 cultivars are grown commercially and these are grouped into four main classes for convenience in trade: 'Smooth Cayenne', 'Red Spanish', 'Queen' and 'Pernambuco'. Significant losses 20-30% of antioxidant activity and total phenolics were detected in many vegetables. Folic acid turned out to be very sensitive to blanching, with more than half of the vitamin being lost, but was stable during freezer storage. Results showed that the heterogeneity in fruit weight was a consequence of the heterogeneity in vigor of the plants at the moment of flower induction; that effect was mainly on the infructescence weight and less or not on the crown weight. Findings — Co-innovation is the combination of collaborative, complementary and coordinated innovation.
The value of this fruit was soon recognised, and before the end of the 16th century pineapple cultivation had spread across much of the tropical world, including Africa, India, China, Java and the Philippines. Thus, the project aims to evaluate and model the effects of N supply and leaf light interception in C and N economies, and their implications in stem branching pattern of oilseed rape. Those who react this way should reduce intake of uncooked fruit or eat only canned fruit. In 2009, it was estimated that less than 2% of the production was exported to Europe, which is far below the export potential, given that Benin has favorable production systems, coastal access, and well appreciated cultivars. These leaves are long and lanceolate with a serrated or thorny margin. A stable and promising technique for preventing natural flowering is required.
Columbus is alleged to have named the fruit, calling it the 'pine of the Indies' due to its resemblance to a pine cone. Consequently it is not recommended to farmers in Benin to prune the slips. External exposure to juice alone can also cause this reaction in some people. Biovinegar was more effective in inhibiting the growth of Enterobacter when compared with vinegar. Uses Food and drink Pineapple was and still is an important part of the diet of native Americans in the lowland tropics. Results outlined that the highest levels of ethanol, i. The maximum sugar production 34.